Your cells need energy to function and use blood glucose (blood sugar) to create that energy. Your pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin, which acts like a key to open cells so they can capture sugar from your bloodstream.
If your pancreas does not produce enough insulin, your cells cannot use the energy-producing glucose circulating in your bloodstream. Sometimes your cells simply refuse to open their “doors” to the insulin key. This is called insulin resistance. Diabetes is the result in either case.
There are several different types of diabetes, but the most common forms are:
This type of diabetes develops in pregnancy and typically resolves once the pregnancy is over. Women who experience gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, which occurs when your pancreas does not produce any insulin, is an autoimmune disease that destroys insulin-producing cells (pancreatic islets). It’s most common in childhood, but Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age.
Type 2 diabetes
This is the most common kind of diabetes and is often linked to poor diet, weight gain, sedentary lifestyle, and genetics. When you have Type 2 diabetes, your pancreas may produce too little insulin or your cells may be insulin resistant, or both. This form of diabetes generally occurs after age 35 but can strike younger adults and even teens.
You’re considered pre-diabetic when your blood sugar is consistently higher than normal but not yet high enough to indicate diabetes. Changes in diet, activity level, and other lifestyle modifications often return pre-diabetic blood sugar levels to normal.
Consistently elevated blood sugar levels in your bloodstream can eventually damage your:
The goal of treatment is to keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible. Dr. Polavarapu uses a variety of methods to accomplish effective diabetic control, including:
At the office of HP Medical PC, we accept most major insurance plans. Please contact our office if you have any questions. It is the patient's responsibility to ensure eligibility. If you are a new patient and your insurance plan requires you to select a PCP, please do so before you come to the office. Dr. Polavarapu must be listed as your PCP in order to be seen. If you are participating in an Affordable Care Act Plan (aka Gold, Silver, etc), and have a deductible that has not been met, HP Medical PC policy requires you leave a $100 deposit. Should the insurance company remit the payment for your visit, the deposit will be refunded to you.
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